Static site generation using Astro.js
calendar09 Apr 2024
read4 minute read

Static site generation using Astro.js

Astro is a modern front-end framework for building fast, optimized websites and applications. One of its key features is the ability to generate static sites, making it a great tool for static site generation.

What is a Static Site? 💭

Imagine a restaurant where the chef prepares all the meals in advance, and they're ready to serve as soon as you order.

A static site is a website that is delivered to the user exactly as stored, in contrast to dynamic web pages which are generated by a web application. Static sites are often faster, more secure, and easier to scale than their dynamic counterparts.

This is different from a dynamic site, which is like a restaurant where the chef cooks your meal after you order.

Why Use Astro for Static Site Generation?

Performance 🚀

Astro takes your site and generates static HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files. These files can be served directly to the user, which means your site loads super fast. This is a significant advantage over dynamic sites, which need to be built on-the-fly every time a user requests a page.

Developer Experience 👨‍💻

Astro is built with developers in mind. It uses a component-based architecture, which means you can build your site using self-contained, reusable pieces. This makes your code easier to understand and maintain. Plus, if you've used React, Vue, or Svelte, you'll find Astro's syntax familiar and easy to pick up.


Search engines love static sites. Because they're just HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, they're easy for search engines to crawl and index. This means your site is more likely to appear in search results, driving more traffic to your site.

Flexibility 🧘‍♀️

Astro lets you write components in the language you prefer. You can use JavaScript, TypeScript, JSX, Vue, or even Svelte. This means you can choose the best tool for the job, or just stick with what you know best.

Getting Started with Astro

To create a static site with Astro, follow these steps:

Set up an Astro App

You can get an Astro app using npm:

npm init astro

Follow the prompts to set up your project. This will create a new Astro app with the necessary files and dependencies.

Creating Your First Page

In Astro.js, each page of your website is a .astro file in the src/pages directory. To create a new page, you just create a new .astrofile in this directory.

For example, let's create an "About" page. You would create a file at src/pages/about.astro. Here's an example of what you might write in this file:

// This is the frontmatter, where you can define page metadata
  <h1>About Me</h1>
  <p>I am a passionate web developer.</p>

Building Your Website

Once you've created your pages, you can build your website. You do this by running the following command:

npm run build

This command creates a dist directory with your built site. You can then deploy this directory to any static site hosting service.

Exploring Astro.js Themes and Templates

The Astro.js ecosystem features an expanding library of themes and templates that developers from all around the world have contributed. You're probably going to find a theme or template that works for your website, regardless of whether it's a commercial website, portfolio, e-commerce site, or personal blog. You can explore these themes and templates on the Astro.js website.


Astro.js is a powerful tool for building static sites. It offers a range of benefits, including improved performance, developer experience, SEO, and flexibility. If you're looking to build a fast, optimized website, Astro.js is definitely worth checking out.

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